Here is a quick summary of the development of the pink ball and Day and Night Test cricket:
* Day and Night Test cricket is played with a pink ball.
* The pink ball was tested in England’s ODI match against Australian women in 2009.
* In January 2010 a first class match between Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago was played with a pink ball in Antigua.
* Other countries also later experimented with the pink ball.
* In 2014 a full round of Sheffield Shield matches in Australia played with a pink ball manufactured by Kookaburra.
* India experimented with day & night cricket as early as 1997. In that year the final of the Ranji Trophy between Mumbai and Delhi was played under lights in Gwalior with a white ball. India, however, traveled to Day and Night Test Cricket very late. They turned down Australia’s offer to play Day and Night Test in Adelaide during their 2018-19 tour. They were the ninth Test-playing nation to play Test with the pink ball under lights when they hosted Bangladesh at the Garden of Eden last year. India won that match by an innings and 46 runs in three days.
* The very first Day & Night Test match was played between Australia and New Zealand in November 2015 in Adelaide. Australia won that match by three wickets on Day 3.
* Kookaburra, which manufactures cricket balls for all countries except India, England, Ireland and the Caribbean, experimented with yellow and bright orange before agreeing on the color pink.
* The reason the red ball was not used for Day and Night Tests is because it was very difficult to pick the red ball under lights. It is easier to spot the pink ball under lights compared to the red ball. The white ball has meanwhile not been preferred, as it is not sturdy enough for test cricket.
* The core of all cricket balls (red, white and pink) is the same. For the pink balls the leather is covered with pink pigment.
* The pink ball usually tends to swing more in the opening part of a match.
* Kookaburra’s pink ball has a black seam. Kookaburra first used a dark green and white seam. They later changed it to a black seam for the pink ball. Steve Smith, who took part in the first Day and Night Test against New Zealand said the seam needs to be more visible. Kookaburra switched to black seam in 2016.
* The pink cricket ball has an extra layer of lacquer to preserve the color and shine longer than the red ball.
* It takes up to 4-5 days to get the right glow on the pink ball.