How Technology Will Lead In Indian Fight Against Lung Cancer During COVID-19

A year has passed since the first case of pandemic was reported and life has turned. This disease disrupted every field of life and forced us to recalibrate our approach to work, healing, and life. This misfortune has led to massive exploitation of technological innovations resulting in remote operation even in some aspects of healthcare. This ensured continuity of care through teleconsultation, an aspect watched by many physicians and patients before the onset of the pandemic. Also Read – Good News for Doctors on COVID Duty! SC suggests giving them breaks to continue working

Studies reveal that those who suffer from comorbidities such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, and others such as the elderly and smokers, are in the risk group and the new virus can cause life. threatening situations for them. According to a study, “smoking refers to increased severity of the disease and death in hospitalized COVID-19 patients.” Cigarette smoking damages the airways and the air sacs in the lungs, causing lung diseases such as COPD and lung cancer. India has 34.6 per cent adult smokers and 80-90 per cent deaths from lung cancer are attributed to tobacco. This draws our attention to the growing burden of lung cancer. It is estimated that a total of 67,785 cases of lung cancer were registered in India in 2018, which was almost eight percent of all cancers. Read also – Thailand Travel Cost: This Is The Least Cash You Need In Your Bank Account If You Plan To Visit The Country

The number of computed tomography (CT) scans performed to identify and quantify the extent of COVID-19 pneumonia exploded. These are often done in a patient subset that also tends to have a higher risk for lung cancer. These CT scans can identify lung cancer early. We can use this massive number of CT as an examination program in India for lung cancer because we currently lack a structured program. It is therefore essential that scans be examined thoroughly for each injury and we do not miss the forest as we are obsessed with the trees which in this case are COVID-19 lungs. Dr. Arjun Srinivasan, A consultant on Interventional Pneumology and Sleep Medicine at Royal Care Hospital, Coimbatore sheds light on how India Fights Lung Cancer is possible through technology. Read also – Trends #BoycottPatanjali on Twitter How Netizens Company Slam Baba Ramdev Sells “Fake” Honey & Does Not Support Peasants’ Protests

Better to understand lung cancer

When we breathe, air enters the lungs through the trachea. This trachea enters the lungs divided into tubes called bronchi, which further form smaller branches called bronchioles. At the end of the bronchioles are tiny air sacs called alveoli. These alveoli are responsible for absorbing oxygen. Now, lung cancers start with the rapid growth of the cells in different parts of the lungs. The disease is grouped into two main categories, called small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. The symptoms of cancer are usually persistent cough of more than two weeks, chest pain, shortness of breath, change of voice and coughing up blood. Position and extent of cancer dictate the extent of symptoms and not all patients will have all the symptoms. Unfortunately almost all symptoms appear after the cancer has progressed at least locally and none occurs in the early stages. Thus most symptomatic lung cancers present late and hence the need for the examination process.

Timely examination of lung cancer with advanced diagnostic technologies

Treatment for lung cancer is possible only at an early stage. Even before the pandemic, people who are 55 years old and older who have smoked a lot for years are advised to undergo annual lung cancer CT screening in several western countries. In India we do not yet have a structured project program. Perhaps an early diagnosis increased multiple times of COVID due to an increased number of CT. Advanced bronchoscopic techniques such as endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS), navigation, and cryobiopsy can diagnose as well as stage lesions as small as 1 centimeter in diameter after they are identified during CT examination. These minimally invasive techniques are often done as office procedures and no external incisions. Even in patients with the locally spread disease, advances in chemotherapy including targeted therapies can improve quality of life, stop disease progression, and improve survival. In patients with increased airway obstruction bronchoscopic ablation and stenting, in patients with fluid around their lungs, pleurisy or inhabiting pleural catheters can drastically alleviate suffering and improve quality of life.

During this month of lung cancer awareness we pledge to raise awareness of this deadly disease, redouble our efforts to help people quit smoking, look for a previous disease as much as possible, assess every node or mass properly, alleviate every advanced cancer with the best available chemotherapy or bronchoscopic technique.

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