As India prepares vaccination against Covid-19

Health ministry secretary Rajesh Bhushan said 29,000 cold chain points, 240 entrance coolers, 70 inlets, 45,000 ice-coated refrigerators, 41,000 freezers and 300 solar refrigerators will be used for the Covid-19 vaccine. “All necessary means of vaccination have been handed over to the states,” he added.

Certainly, 36 states and Union Territories have concluded meetings of State Steering Committees and State Task Force. 633 districts ended district Task Force meetings.

In addition, training modules for physicians, vaccine officers, alternative vaccine officers, cold chain administrators, supervisors, data managers, ASHA coordinators etc. are completed. Physical training as well as training on virtual / internet platforms has started. National and State Training of Trainers (ToTs) workshops are over.

Speaking at a press conference, Bhushan added, “Bad events after immunization are a critical issue. When we undertake a universal immunization program that has been done for decades, then some harm is seen in children and pregnant women after vaccination.”

Moreover, Bhushan also added, “We cannot deny possibilities of an adverse event when vaccination against COVID-19 begins. The countries where immunization has already started, especially in the UK, adverse events occurred on the first day. So, it is essential that states and UTs should also prepare for this. “

The development comes just days after the Center unveiled its mega-vaccine drive against Covid-19 in the coming months claiming that “everyone will get the vaccine”.

United States Minister for Health and Family Welfare Ashwini Kumar Choubey said on Sunday that initially only 100 people will get the vaccine, but eventually everyone will get the vaccine shot.

“We will begin the process of sending necessary equipment for storage and handling of coronavirus vaccine to states. Currently only 100 people will receive the vaccine daily in a booth. Eventually everyone will receive the vaccine,” he said. .

Vaccinating 100-200 people in each session daily, monitoring them for 30 minutes after administering the shots for any adverse event and allowing only one beneficiary at a time is among the guidelines published by the COVID-19 Inoculation Center.

According to the guidelines issued to states recently, the COVID Vaccine Intelligence Network (Co-WIN) system – a digitized platform – will be used to track recruited beneficiaries for the vaccination and coronary antivirus vaccines in real time.

At the vaccination site, only pre-registered beneficiaries will be vaccinated according to the priority, and there will be no concern about on-site registrations.

The states were asked, as far as possible, to assign the vaccine from one manufacturer to a district to avoid mixing different COVID-19 vaccines in the field.

According to the ‘COVID-19 Vaccine Functional Guidelines’, all measures must be taken to avoid exposing the vaccine carrier, vaccine vials or ice packs to direct sunlight, the document said.

Vaccines and diluents should be kept inside the vaccine carrier with the lid closed until a beneficiary comes to the center to be vaccinated.

“There may not be vaccine vaccine monitors (VVM) and Expiration Date on the COVID-19 vaccine label, this should not discourage vaccinators from using the vaccine. At the end of the session, the vaccine carrier with all ice creams and unopened. Vaccines vials should be returned to the distributing cold chain point, ”the guidelines said.

States were asked to implement an integrated 360-degree comprehensive advertising communication and social mobilization strategy to address the challenges surrounding advances and benefits of vaccine development.

The Center stated that the country stands on the edge of administering COVID-19 vaccine, even as some challenges need to be countered in a timely manner.

“These may include the challenge of ensuring that more than 1.3 billion people in India receive factual and timely information and updates on vaccine progress and benefits, public concern and questions about government decision on vaccine management priority, fear of the vaccines introduced after a brief trial. raising safety concerns, and fear of adverse events, misunderstanding of vaccine efficacy, rumors and negative storytelling in social media / social media and relaxation observed in public adherence to proper COVID conduct, ”the document said.

The vaccination team consists of five members, it said.

Each session should be scheduled for 100 beneficiaries per day. If the session has adequate logistics and space available for a waiting room and observatory along with an arrangement for mass management, one more vaccination officer can be added to create a session for 200 beneficiaries, the guidelines said.

The COVID-19 vaccine will be offered first to health care workers, front-line workers and people over 50, followed by people over 50 with associated comorbidities based on the evolving pandemic situation, and finally to the remaining population based on the disease. epidemiology and vaccine.

The priority group of more than 50 years can be further subdivided into those over 60 years of age and those between 50 to 60 years of age for purposes of stepping on the basis of the pandemic situation and availability of vaccine.

“The latest electoral list for Lok Sabha and legislative assembly election will be used to identify the population aged 50 years or older,” the guidelines said.

Under the first phase of the vaccination, it is planned to vaccinate nearly 30 crore residents.

Twelve photo ID documents, including a voting ID, an Aadhar card, a driver’s license, a passport and a pension document, will be required to self-register on the Co-WIN website, it added.

With agency inputs

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